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Indian Navy Helps Hijacked Ship in Arabian Sea

  • 20 Dec 2023
  • 5 min read

For Prelims: Indian Navy, Arabian Sea, Piracy, Gulf of Aden, Red Sea, UNCLOS

For Mains: Maritime Piracy and its impact on trade, India's initiatives and collaborations to counter maritime piracy

Source: TH

Why in News?

In a recent maritime incident, the Malta-flagged Vessel MV Ruen fell victim to pirates in the Arabian Sea,. Responding swiftly, the Indian Navy, strategically based in the piracy-prone Gulf of Aden, intercepted the hijacked vessel, closely monitoring its trajectory toward the Somali coast.

  • The European Union Naval Force (EUNAVFOR) Operation Atalanta, a maritime security operation in the western Indian Ocean, joined the anti-piracy effort.

What is Maritime Piracy?

  • About:
    • Article 101 of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) outlines acts constituting piracy.
      • These acts include violence, detention, or depredation committed for private ends on the high seas or outside the jurisdiction of any state.
    • These acts are carried out with the intent of personal gain and may include the seizure of another ship, its cargo, or the kidnapping of its passengers or crew.
    • It is considered a serious maritime crime and is subject to international laws and conventions.
  • Strongest Zones of Pirate Activity:

What are the Key Facts About the Gulf of Aden?

  • The Gulf of Aden, an arm of the Indian Ocean is situated between Yemen on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula and Somalia in Africa.
    • It is bounded to the south by Somalia and the Socotra Islands, north by Yemen, east by the Arabian Sea, and west by Djibouti.
  • The gulf – roughly 900 kilometers long and 500 kilometers wide is an important waterway for transporting Persian Gulf oil.
    • The gulf connects the Red Sea to the Arabian Sea via the Strait of Bab el Mandeb. It forms an essential oil transport route between Europe and the Far East.
  • Its marine life is rich in quantity and variety. Its coastline lacks large-scale fishing facilities but supports many fishing towns, as well as the major ports Aden and Djibouti.
  • In recent years, the gulf has received a lot of attention due to piracy, terrorism and refugee smuggling.
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