- 02 Nov 2019
- 2 min read
Why in News
Seven Indian states — Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka and Kerala -- observed their foundation day on 1st November.
- The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act of 2014 bifurcated the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh into two separate states, namely, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
- In 2000, Chhattisgarh was created out of Madhya Pradesh.
- In 1966, the State of Punjab was bifurcated to create Haryana.
- Kerala and Karnataka were formed under the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
- Article 3 authorises the Parliament to:
- Form a new state by separation of territory from any state or by uniting two or more states or parts of states or by uniting any territory to a part of any state.
- Increase the area of any state,
- Diminish the area of any state,
- Alter the boundaries of any state,
- Alter the name of any state.
- However, Article 3 lays down two conditions:
- The Bill can be introduced in the Parliament only with the prior recommendation of the President;
- Before recommending the bill, the President has to refer the same to the state legislature concerned for expressing its views within a specified period.
- The President (or Parliament) is not bound by the views of the state legislature and may either accept or reject them, even if the views are received in time.