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Important Facts For Prelims

Formation Day

  • 02 Nov 2019
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Seven Indian states — Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka and Kerala -- observed their foundation day on 1st November.

  • The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act of 2014 bifurcated the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh into two separate states, namely, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
  • In 2000, Chhattisgarh was created out of Madhya Pradesh.
  • In 1966, the State of Punjab was bifurcated to create Haryana.
  • Kerala and Karnataka were formed under the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.

Constitutional Provision

  • Article 3 authorises the Parliament to:
    • Form a new state by separation of territory from any state or by uniting two or more states or parts of states or by uniting any territory to a part of any state.
    • Increase the area of any state,
    • Diminish the area of any state,
    • Alter the boundaries of any state,
    • Alter the name of any state.
  • However, Article 3 lays down two conditions:
    • The Bill can be introduced in the Parliament only with the prior recommendation of the President;
    • Before recommending the bill, the President has to refer the same to the state legislature concerned for expressing its views within a specified period.
      • The President (or Parliament) is not bound by the views of the state legislature and may either accept or reject them, even if the views are received in time.

Source: IE

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