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Biodiversity & Environment

Environmental Performance Index

  • 09 Jun 2020
  • 3 min read

Why in News

India secured 168th rank in the 12th edition of the Environment Performance Index (EPI) 2020.

  • India’s rank was 177th in 2018.

Environmental Performance Index

  • EPI is a biennial index prepared by Yale University and Columbia University in collaboration with the World Economic Forum.
  • It offers a scorecard that highlights leaders and laggards in environmental performance and provides practical guidance for countries that aspire to move toward a sustainable future.
  • This index was first published in 2002 designed to supplement the environmental targets set forth in the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.

Key Points

  • EPI 2020:
    • EPI Index 2020 measured the environmental performance of 180 countries.
    • The index considered 32 indicators of environmental performance and included 10-year trends in environmental performance at the national and global levels.
    • Denmark topped the index with a score of 82.5.
  • India’ Performance:
    • India scored 27.6 out of 100 in the 2020 EPI index and its performance was worse than all South Asian countries, except Afghanistan.
    • India scored below the regional (South-Asia) average score on all five key parameters on environmental health, including air quality, sanitation and drinking water, heavy metals and waste management.
    • It has also scored below the regional average on parameters related to biodiversity and ecosystem services too.
    • India was at second position after Pakistan on ‘climate change’ among the South-Asia countries.
      • Pakistan’s score (50.6) was the highest under the climate change category.
    • A ten-year comparison progress report in the index showed that India slipped on climate-related parameters.
      • The report indicated that black carbon, carbon dioxide emissions and greenhouse emissions per capita increased in ten years.

Environmental Conservation Programmes in India

Way Forward

  • India needs to re-double national sustainability efforts on all fronts.
  • It needs to focus on a wide spectrum of sustainability issues, with a high-priority to critical issues such as air and water quality, biodiversity and climate change.


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