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Important Facts For Prelims

Disk-footed Bat

  • 19 Apr 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

India’s first bamboo-dwelling bat with sticky disks, has been found near Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary in Meghalaya.

Key Points

  • About:
    • The bat species Eudiscopus denticulus, aptly called disk-footed bat, is very distinctive in appearance with prominent disk-like pads in the thumb and bright orange colouration.
      • It has been found roosting in internodal spaces of bamboo stems.
    • This species is known to thrive in a few localities in Southern China, Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar.
    • In Meghalaya, it was recorded in the Lailad area near the Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary, about 1,000 km west of its nearest known habitat in Myanmar.
    • IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern
  • Number of Bat Species in India:
    • The disk-footed bat has raised Meghalaya’s bat count to 66, the most for any State in India.
    • It has also helped add a genus and species to the bat fauna of India. India has a total of 130 bat species.

Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Situated in the Ri-Bhoi district near Lailad village and spread over an area of 29 sq. kms, Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the famous attractions of Meghalaya.
  • The Sanctuary falls in the Eastern Himalayan Global biodiversity hotspot.
  • The sanctuary supports different species of fauna such as Royal Bengal Tiger, Clouded Leopard, Indian Bison, and Himalayan Black Bear etc.
  • Among the birds, the rare species which can be spotted here are Manipur Bush Quail, Rufous Necked Hornbill and Brown Hornbill.
  • Other Wildlife Sanctuary in Meghalaya:
    • Siju Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Narpuh Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Baghmara Pitcher Plant Sanctuary
    • Nokrek National Park

Source: TH

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