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Declining Maternal Mortality Ratio in India

  • 09 Nov 2019
  • 3 min read

Why in News

India’s MMR has declined from 130 per 1 lakh live births in 2014-2016 to 122 per 1 lakh live births in 2015-2017 as per the recently released Sample Registration System (SRS) 2015-2017 bulletin for MMR. A decline of 8 points (6.2%) has been observed.

  • This indicates that a loss of 2000 maternal deaths per year has been prevented.
  • The bulletin categorizes the country into three groups: Empowered Action Group (EAG), Southern States and other states.

Maternal Mortality Ratio

  • MMR is the annual number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.
  • Maternal death is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy.
  • It is a key performance indicator for efforts to improve the health and safety of mothers before, during, and after childbirth.

Key Points

Statewise Progress:

  • Kerala secures the first position in MMR reduction (from 46 to 42), followed by Maharashtra (from 61 to 55) and Tamil Nadu (from 66 to 63).
  • Karnataka has shown the highest percentage decline in MMR.
  • The decline has been most significant in EAG States from 188 to 175. Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Rajasthan, UP, Uttarakhand and Assam fall under EAG States group.
    • The independent MMR data of Jharkhand (76), Chhattisgarh (141) and Uttarakhand (89) has been released for the first time in the SRS 2015-2017 bulletin.
    • Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have shown an increase by 15 points each in MMR.
  • So far, 11 states have achieved the National Health Policy target of MMR well ahead of 2020. The National Health Policy aims to reduce Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) to 1/1000 live births.

Reasons for Declining MMR

The continuous progress in reducing the MMR will help the country to achieve the SDG 3 target of MMR below 70 by 2030.

Source: TH

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