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Data on Covid-19 After-effects

  • 15 Jul 2020
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) has started collecting data on post Covid-19 medical complications from leading central government and other hospitals across India.

  • DGHS is a repository of technical knowledge concerning public health, medical education and health care. It is an attached organisation of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Key Points

  • Leading physicians from across the country have indicated that they are seeing some worrying medical complications among the recovered patients.
  • Stress on the body associated with Coronavirus could lead to long and short term complications.
  • Data is being collected on the medical complications including Covid-19-induced diabetes, impaired lung, heart, liver and brain functions along with acute fatigue and dyspnea (shortness of breath).
  • It would help the Health Ministry to come out with guidelines on further care and treatment of those who had recovered.
  • Data Highlight:
    • 86% of the Covid-19 cases in the country were reported from 10 states, with Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu accounting for 50%.
    • The overall recovery rate had climbed from 47.6% (31st May) to 63.02% currently.
  • Trends in Recovered Patients:
    • Patients took a long time to fully recover with complaints of feeling lethargic, completely drained out, mentally depressed with the inability to concentrate.
    • Those who developed pneumonia, lung function improves within some months of recovery but some may not normalise due to the fibrosis (development of fibrous connective tissue as a reparative response to injury or damage).
    • Possibilities of long-term lung function deterioration and vascular diseases.
    • Indications of Covid-induced diabetes.
  • After-effects of Covid-19:
    • The damage is caused by thrombosis in the small vessels that ultimately damages lung tissues and other organs, including the heart and can lead to fatal pulmonary embolism.
      • Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot, known as a thrombus, within a blood vessel. It prevents blood from flowing normally through the circulatory system.
      • Pulmonary Embolism (PE) is a condition in which one or more arteries in the lungs become blocked by a blood clot.

Source: TH

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