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CRISP-M Tool for MGNREG Scheme

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  • 16 Oct 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Climate Resilience Information System and Planning (CRISP-M) tool for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) was launched.

Key Points

  • CRISP-M Tool:
    • It will help embed climate information in the Geographic Information System (GIS) based planning and implementation of MGNREGS.
      • GIS is a computer system that analyzes and displays geographically referenced information.
    • The implementation of CRISP-M will open up new possibilities for rural communities to deal with the issues of climate change.
    • This tool will be used in seven states: Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Rajasthan.
  • MGNREGScheme:
    • About: It is one of the largest work guarantee programmes in the world.
    • Launch:
      • It was launched on 2nd February 2006.
      • The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was passed on 23rd August 2005.
    • Objective:
      • To guarantee 100 days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do public work-related unskilled manual work.
    • Legal Right to Work:
      • Unlike earlier employment guarantee schemes, the act aims at addressing the causes of chronic poverty through a rights-based framework.
      • At least one-third of beneficiaries have to be women.
      • Wages must be paid according to the statutory minimum wages specified for agricultural labourers in the state under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 (now subsumed under Code on Wages, 2019).
    • Demand-Driven Scheme:
      • The most important part of MGNREGA’s design is its legally-backed guarantee for any rural adult to get work within 15 days of demanding it, failing which an ‘unemployment allowance’ must be given.
      • This demand-driven scheme enables the self-selection of workers.
    • Decentralised Planning:
      • There is an emphasis on strengthening the process of decentralisation by giving a significant role to the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in planning and implementing these works.
      • The act mandates Gram sabhas to recommend the works that are to be undertaken and at least 50% of the works must be executed by them.

Source: PIB

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