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Atlantic Declaration

  • 10 Jun 2023
  • 5 min read

Why in News?

The United States and the United Kingdom have announced the Atlantic Declaration for a Twenty-First Century U.S.-UK Economic Partnership.

  • This declaration aims to adapt, reinforce, and reimagine the longstanding alliance between the two nations to effectively address the challenges of the current era.
  • With this new declaration, both nations seek to strengthen their collaboration in defence, security, science, technology, and economic domains.

What are the Major Highlights of the Atlantic Declaration?

  • About:
    • The Atlantic Declaration is focused on building a resilient, diversified, and secure supply chain, reducing strategic dependencies.
    • The partnership aims to leverage the energy transition and technological breakthroughs to drive shared growth, create employment opportunities, and uplift communities.
  • Atlantic Declaration Action Plan (ADAPT):
    • The ADAPT sets forth a comprehensive strategy to enhance economic growth, competitiveness, and resilience while prioritising workers, businesses, climate, and national security.
    • The plan encompasses five key pillars and involves regular high-level meetings to drive progress and increase ambition over time.
  • Five Pillars:
    • Leadership in Critical and Emerging Technologies: Sharing best practices in areas such as artificial intelligence, quantum computing, biotechnology, and advanced manufacturing.
    • Cooperation on Economic Security and Technology Protection: This will include sharing information and best practices on cybersecurity, supply chain resilience, and technology governance.
    • Partnering on an Inclusive and Responsible Digital Transformation: Collaborating on digital skills training and workforce development to ensure the readiness of individuals for the digital economy.
    • Building the Clean Energy Economy of the Future.
    • Strengthening Alliance across Defense, Health Security, and Space.

What are the Major Pillars of UK-US Partnership?

  • Historical Significance of the U.S.-UK Partnership: The partnership between the US and the UK has played a pivotal role in leading on global issues.
    • The signing of the Atlantic Charter in 1941 laid the foundation for a rules-based international order.
    • The New Atlantic Charter signed in 2021 reaffirmed the commitment to shared values and refreshed the vision of the partnership.
  • Political Affairs: The two countries are also close allies in NATO and other multilateral organisations such as the UN, the G7 and the G20.
  • Economic Ties: The United States is the largest source of direct investment in the United Kingdom, and the United Kingdom is also the single largest investor in the United States.
  • Security and Defense Cooperation: The United States and the United Kingdom have a long history of joint military operations and intelligence sharing, dating back to World War I and World War II.
    • The two countries are part of the Five Eyes intelligence alliance, along with Australia, Canada, and New Zealand.
    • Significant steps have been taken to implement AUKUS, including supporting Australia's acquisition of conventionally armed, nuclear-powered submarines.
      • The U.S.-UK Indo-Pacific Dialogue promotes closer coordination to support a free and open region.
      • Collaboration with ASEAN, Pacific Islands, and trilateral joint exercises contributes to regional peace, stability, and technological advancement.

UPSC Civil Services Examination Previous Year Question (PYQ)


Q. The new tri-nation partnership AUKUS is aimed at countering China’s ambitions in the Indo-Pacific region. Is it going to supersede the existing partnerships in the region? Discuss the strength and impact of AUKUS in the present scenario. (2021)

Source: TH

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