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App to Monitor Rice Fields: Paddy Watch

  • 14 Jul 2020
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Researchers from University of Sydney in collaboration with other partners have been developing an app i.e. Paddy watch, which will act as the first real-time monitoring platform for rice fields.

  • The project has been undertaken in collaboration with Google Earth and the Group on Earth Observations (GEO).

Key Points

  • Development of the App: The Paddy watch is being developed in partnership with Indian Agricultural Research Institute, India along with the research institutes from different countries i.e. China, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Vietnam.
    • These five countries hold the position of the largest rice-producing countries across the globe.
    • Among these, India, China and Indonesia are the world’s three largest producers of rice and together account for about 60% of the total world production.
  • Functioning: The real-time land-use data will be generated using Google Earth and cloud computing technology, and will be verified by field operators in partner countries to ensure accuracy of rice production worldwide.
  • Significance:
    • Digital Agriculture: The app would work on deep-learning techniques (works on the idea of Artificial Intelligence) to forecast crop yields and water consumption.
      • This type of technology would enhance the world's confidence to feed the population in a sustainable way.
    • Accurate Information: Accurate and up-to-date information on rice planted and harvested can be achieved through the app.
    • GreenHouse Gas Emission: As paddy fields release methane, a significant component to the greenhouse gases, the app would help in the estimation of the emission and impact of global warming.
    • Policy Formulation: The information collected through the app would also help the associated partners to develop policies for education, economic growth, gender equity, and reduction of social inequality.

Group on Earth Observations

  • GEO is a unique global network connecting government institutions, academic and research institutions, data providers and scientists to benefit the world by comprehensive and sustained Earth observations.
  • It coordinates international efforts to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS).
    • It aims to produce a global public infrastructure that generates, near-real-time environmental data, information and analyses for a wide range of users and mitigation of global issues like climate change.

Source: DTE

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