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Apatani Textile Product

  • 29 Dec 2021
  • 5 min read

Why in News

Recently, an application seeking Geographical Indication (GI) tag for the Arunachal Pradesh Apatani textile product has been filed by a firm.

Key Points

  • About:
    • The Apatani weave comes from the Apatani tribe of Arunachal Pradesh living at Ziro, the headquarters of lower Subansiri district.
      • The Apatani community weaves its own textiles for various occasions, including rituals and cultural festivals.
    • The woven fabric of this tribe is known for its geometric and zigzag patterns and also for its angular designs.
      • The tribe predominantly weaves shawls known as jig-jiro and jilan or jackets called supuntarii.
    • The people here use different leaves and plant resources for organic dying the cotton yarns in their traditional ways.
      • Only women folk are engaged in weaving.
    • The traditional handloom of this tribe is a type of loin loom, which is called Chichin, and is similar to the traditional handloom of the Nyishi tribe.
      • It is portable, easy to install and operated by a single weaver, especially the female members of the community.
  • Apatani Tribes:
    • Aaptani are a tribal group of people living in the Ziro valley in Arunachal Pradesh.
    • They speak a local language called Tani and worship the sun and the moon.
    • They follow a sustainable social forestry system.
    • They celebrate major festivals – Dree with prayers for a bumper harvest and prosperity of all humankind and Myoko to celebrate Friendship.
    • The Apatanis practice aquaculture along with rice farming on their plots.
      • Rice-fish culture in the valley is a unique practice in the state, where two crops of rice (Mipya and Emoh) and one crop of fish (Ngihi) are raised together.
    • It is a scheduled tribe in Arunachal Pradesh.

Present GI Products from Arunachal Pradesh

  • Arunachal Orange (Agricultural)
  • Idu Mishmi Textiles (Handicraft)

Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh

  • The tribes of Arunachal Pradesh include: Abor, Aka, Dafla, Galong, Khampti, Khowa, Mishmi, Monpa, Momba, Any Naga tribes, Sherdukpen, Singpho.

Geographical Indication (GI) Tag

  • About:
    • A Geographical Indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place.
    • It is used for agricultural, natural and manufactured goods.
  • International Protection for GI:
  • GI Protection in India:
    • India, as a member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999 which came into force with effect from 2003.
      • The Act provides registration and also protection of GI goods in India.
      • This Act is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks, who is also the Registrar of Geographical Indications.
    • The Geographical Indications Registry for India is located in Chennai.
    • The registration of a geographical indication is valid for a period of 10 years. It can be renewed from time to time for a further period of 10 years each.
    • Some of the examples of Geographical Indications in India include basmati rice, Darjeeling tea, Kancheepuram silk saree, Nagpur orange and Kolhapuri chappal.
  • Benefit of GI tag:
    • Once the GI protection is granted, no other producer can misuse the name to market similar products. It also provides comfort to customers about the authenticity of that product.
    • Having a GI tag for a product prevents unauthorised use of a registered Geographical Indication by others, boosts exports of Indian Geographical indications by providing legal protection and also enables seeking legal protection in other WTO member countries.

Source: TH

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