Online Courses (English)
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates

Important Facts For Prelims

A Rare Palm from Andamans

  • 19 May 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, a rare palm, Pinanga andamanensis, has been successfully cultivated at Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI) based at Palode, Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala).

Key Points

  • Pinanga andamanensis:
    • It is a rare palm endemic to South Andaman Island. Its entire population of some 600 specimens naturally occurs only in a tiny, evergreen forest pocket in South Andaman’s Mount Harriet National Park.
      • Endemic species are those plants and animals that exist only in one geographical region.
    • The name is derived from ‘Penang’, the modern-day Malaysian state. Penang itself has its origins in Pulau Pinang which means Island of the Areca Nut Palm.
    • It has strong resemblance with the areca palm tree (widely used for bright interiors).
    • It has a small gene pool which means the species is vulnerable to natural calamities such as cyclones, earthquakes.
    • JNTBGRI scientists term it a critically endangered species and one of the least known among the endemic palms of the Andaman Islands.
  • Cultivation at JNTBGRI:
    • Thiruvananthapuram has been referred as its second home as the species has started flowering in this Institute.
    • JNTBGRI will resume seed germination experiments for mass multiplication as part of the conservation strategy.

Mount Harriet National Park

  • It is located in the south of the Andaman and Nicobar islands.
  • Mount Harriet is the third-highest peak in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago next to Saddle Peak in North Andaman and Mount Thuillier in Great Nicobar.
  • The park is covered with evergreen forest pockets.
  • It is rich in flora and faunal species like andaman wild pigs, saltwater crocodiles, butterflies and palm trees.


SMS Alerts

Please login or register to view note list


Please login or register to list article as bookmarked


Please login or register to make your note


Please login or register to list article as progressed


Please login or register to list article as bookmarked