17th ASER 2022
- 20 Jan 2023
- 3 min read
Why in News?
Recently, the 17th Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2022 was released by NGO Pratham, which highlights the impact of the pandemic on education.
- The report unveils high enrolment of children in schools which is a good performance indicator for government programmes like Nipun Bharat Mission.
What is ASER?
- The ASER, is an annual, citizen-led household survey that aims to understand whether children in rural India are enrolled in school and whether they are learning.
- ASER has been conducted every year since 2005 in all rural districts of India. It is the largest citizen-led survey in India.
- ASER surveys provided representative estimates of the enrolment status of children aged 3-16 and the basic reading and arithmetic levels of children aged 5-16 at the national, state and district level.
What are the Findings of the Report?
- Enrollment in Government Schools:
- According to the ASER, 2022 the country has seen an increase in the enrollment of children in government schools.
- Basic Reading and Arithmetic Skills:
- There has been a decline in the basic reading and arithmetic skills of young children in Class 3 and Class 5 in India.
- Proportion of Girls not Enrolled:
- The decrease in the proportion of girls not enrolled in schools for the age group 11-14 from 4.1% in 2018 to 2% in 2022 is a significant improvement and a positive development.
- This indicates that efforts to promote gender equality in education have been effective and have helped to increase the enrollment of girls in schools.
|Overall Enrollment (Age Group 6-14)||97.2%||98.4%||Positive|
|Enrolled in Government School (Age Group 6-14)||65.6%||72.9%||Positive|
|Girls not Enrolled in School (Age Group 11-14)||4.1%||2%||Positive|
|Children in Std I-VIII Taking Paid Private Tuition Classes||26.4%||30.5%||Positive|
|Children in Std III (Government or Private Schools) Able to read at Std II level||27.3%||20.5%||Negative|
|Children in Std III who are able to at least do subtraction||28.2%||25.9%||Negative|
|Children in Std V across India who can do division||27.9%||25.6%||Negative|
|Government Schools with Less than 60 Students Enrolled||29.4%||29.9%||Negative|
|Average Teacher Attendance||85.4%||87.1%||Positive|
|Fraction of Schools with Useable Girls’ Toilets||66.4%||68.4%||Positive|
|Schools with Drinking Water Availability||74.8%||76%||Positive|