17th ASER 2022 | 20 Jan 2023

For Prelims: Annual Status of Education Report (ASER),2022, Nipun Bharat Mission

For Mains: Education Status in India

Why in News?

Recently, the 17th Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2022 was released by NGO Pratham, which highlights the impact of the pandemic on education.

  • The report unveils high enrolment of children in schools which is a good performance indicator for government programmes like Nipun Bharat Mission.

What is ASER?

  • The ASER, is an annual, citizen-led household survey that aims to understand whether children in rural India are enrolled in school and whether they are learning.
  • ASER has been conducted every year since 2005 in all rural districts of India. It is the largest citizen-led survey in India.
  • ASER surveys provided representative estimates of the enrolment status of children aged 3-16 and the basic reading and arithmetic levels of children aged 5-16 at the national, state and district level.

What are the Findings of the Report?

  • Enrollment in Government Schools:
    • According to the ASER, 2022 the country has seen an increase in the enrollment of children in government schools.
  • Basic Reading and Arithmetic Skills:
    • There has been a decline in the basic reading and arithmetic skills of young children in Class 3 and Class 5 in India.
  • Proportion of Girls not Enrolled:
    • The decrease in the proportion of girls not enrolled in schools for the age group 11-14 from 4.1% in 2018 to 2% in 2022 is a significant improvement and a positive development.
    • This indicates that efforts to promote gender equality in education have been effective and have helped to increase the enrollment of girls in schools.
Parameters 2018 2022 Trend
Overall Enrollment (Age Group 6-14) 97.2% 98.4% Positive
Enrolled in Government School (Age Group 6-14) 65.6% 72.9% Positive
Girls not Enrolled in School (Age Group 11-14) 4.1% 2% Positive
Children in Std I-VIII Taking Paid Private Tuition Classes 26.4% 30.5% Positive
Children in Std III (Government or Private Schools) Able to read at Std II level 27.3% 20.5% Negative
Children in Std III who are able to at least do subtraction 28.2% 25.9% Negative
Children in Std V across India who can do division 27.9% 25.6% Negative
Government Schools with Less than 60 Students Enrolled 29.4% 29.9% Negative
Average Teacher Attendance 85.4% 87.1% Positive
Fraction of Schools with Useable Girls’ Toilets 66.4% 68.4% Positive
Schools with Drinking Water Availability 74.8% 76% Positive

Source: IE