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Important Facts For Prelims

Periyar Tiger Reserve

  • 01 Feb 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

For the first time in the country, the Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Kerala has taken up training of a tiger cub to equip it to naturally hunt in the forest environment.

Key Points

  • Location:
    • It falls in the districts of Idukki and Pathanamthitta in Kerala (saddled in the southern region of Western Ghats).
  • Formation:
    • Declared a Sanctuary during 1950 and declared as Tiger Reserve during 1978. It gets its name from the River Periyar which has its origin deep inside the reserve.
  • Drainage:
    • The major rivers through the reserve are Mullayar and Periyar.
  • Flora:
    • The sanctuary comprises tropical evergreen, semi evergreen, moist deciduous forests and grasslands.
    • About 1966 species of flowering plants grow in the sanctuary.
      • Of this about 516 are endemic to the Western Ghats.
    • The sanctuary is a repository of medicinal plants numbering to about 300.
      • Some are endemic to the region like Syzygium periyarensis (a tree), Habenaria periyarensis (an orchid) and Mucuna pruriense thekkadiensis (a climber) etc.
  • Fauna:
    • Mammals: Tiger, Elephant, Lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri Tahr etc.
    • Birds: Darters, Cormorants, Kingfishers, the great Malabar Hornbill and racket-tailed Drongos.
    • Reptiles: Monitor Lizards, Python, King Cobra etc.
  • Tribals:
    • There are six tribal communities nestled inside the reserve such as Mannans, Paliyans, Malayarayans, Mala Pandarams, Uralis and Ulladans.
  • Protected Areas in Kerala:

Source:TH

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