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Indian Polity

NEET’s All India Quota

  • 30 Jul 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Union Health Ministry has announced 27% reservation for the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and 10% quota for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in the All India Quota (AIQ) scheme for undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) medical/dental courses from 2021-22 onwards.

Key Points

  • About All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme:
    • The AIQ was introduced in 1986 under the directions of the Supreme Court (SC) to provide for domicile-free merit-based opportunities to students from any State to aspire to study in a medical college located in another State.
      • It comprises 15% of UG seats and 50% of PG seats in government medical colleges.
      • Remaining chunk of the seats in state medical/dental colleges is reserved for students domiciled in their respective states.
    • In January, 2007, in Abhay Nath v University of Delhi and Others, the SC directed that reservation of 15% for Scheduled Castes and 7.5% for Scheduled Tribes be introduced in the AIQ.
      • Until 2007, no reservation was implemented within the All India Quota for medical admission.
    • When the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act became effective in 2007, providing for uniform 27% reservation to the OBCs, the scheme was implemented in all the Central Educational Institutions.
      • However, this was not extended to the AIQ seats of State medical and dental colleges.
      • The 10% EWS quota under the Constitution (One Hundred And Third Amendment) Act, 2019, too, has been implemented in central educational Institutions, but not in the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) AIQ for state institutions.
    • Now, after this decision, the Reservation for the OBC and EWS categories within the AIQ will be offered in medical colleges from the current academic year.
      • This decision will help thousands of students under the given categories.

  • About NEET:
    • The National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) is the entrance examination for entry to all undergraduate and postgraduate medical and dental courses in the country.
    • Until 2016, the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) was the national-level entrance examination for medical colleges.
      • While state governments used to hold separate entrance tests for seats that were not contested at an all-India level.
    • In 2016, the Supreme Court upheld the newly inserted section 10-D of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 which provides for a uniform entrance examination to all medical educational institutions at undergraduate level and postgraduate level in Hindi, English and various other languages.
    • It is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA).

Source: IE

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