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State PCS

Bihar State PCS

  • 04 Apr 2024
  • 6 min read
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Bihar Switch to Hindi

NABARD Extends Financial Support to Bihar

Why in News?

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) extended financial support of Rs 10372.86 crore in Bihar during the financial year 2023 – 24 in the form of refinance,direct finance, and grant support.

  • This is the highest financial support extended by NABARD to the state in a year so far and recorded a growth of 21 % over the previous financial year (2022-23).

Key Points

  • Refinance was extended for production credit, investment credit and for paddy procurement operations of different commercial banks, Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) and Co-Operative Banks, while direct finance support was extended to the state government for the creation of rural infrastructures.
    • The grant support was extended to various agencies for piloting developmental initiatives in the field of Farmers’ Producer Organisations (FPOs), Watershed Development, Tribal Development, Primary Agriculture Cooperative Societies (PACS) Computerisation programme, Skill and Enterprise Development, Financial Literacy and Awareness programmes in the rural areas.

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)

  • It is a development bank focussing primarily on the rural sector of the country. It is the apex banking institution to provide finance for Agriculture and rural development.
  • Its headquarter is located in Mumbai, the country’s financial capital.
  • It is responsible for the development of the small industries, cottage industries, and any other such village or rural projects.
  • It is a statutory body established in 1982 under the Parliamentary act-National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act, 1981.

The Regional Rural Banks (RRBs)

  • They were established in 1975 under the provisions of the Ordinance promulgated on 26th September 1975 and Regional Rural Banks Act, 1976.
  • RRBs are financial institutions which ensure adequate credit for agriculture and other rural sectors.
  • The RRBs combine the characteristics of a cooperative in terms of the familiarity of the rural problems and a commercial bank in terms of its professionalism and ability to mobilise financial resources.

Cooperative Banks

  • It is an institution established on a cooperative basis to deal with the ordinary banking business. Cooperative banks are founded by collecting funds through shares, accepting deposits, and granting loans.
  • They are Cooperative credit societies where members from a community group together to extend loans to each other, at favorable terms.
  • They are registered under the Cooperative Societies Act of the State concerned or the Multi-State Cooperative Societies Act, 2002.
  • The Co-operative banks are governed by the:
    • Banking Regulations Act, 1949.
    • Banking Laws (Co-operative Societies) Act, 1955.
  • They are broadly divided into Urban and Rural cooperative banks.

Primary Agriculture Cooperative Societies

  • PACS are cooperative societies that provide short-term credit and other services to their members, who are mostly farmers.
  • They are the grassroots level institutions of the cooperative credit structure in India.
  • PACS are being transformed by computerisation, undertaking multiservice, distribution of electricity, water, medicines and offering services as Common Service Centres (CSC).

Bihar Switch to Hindi

SJVN Partners with IIT Patna to Improve Tunneling Project Performance

Why in News?

Recently, SJVN Limited has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Indian Institute of Technology Patna (IIT Patna) to use advanced geological models in SJVN's tunnelling projects, thus significantly reducing time and cost overruns.

Key Points

  • One of the key outcomes of this partnership will be the development of predictive analytics algorithms.
    • These algorithms, leveraging integrated geotechnical data, will forecast potential risks and provide early warning systems specifically tailored for tunnelling projects.
    • Such proactive measures are expected to substantially mitigate time and cost overruns during project execution.
  • The primary focus of the MoU is to develop cutting-edge methodologies which integrate diverse geotechnical data sources.
    • These would include geological surveys, borehole data, geophysical measurements and monitoring data from projects of SJVN.
  • The collaboration also aims to evaluate the intricate relationship between overburden and deformation, thereby enhancing the evaluation and design of support systems crucial for tunnelling projects.
    • By harnessing integrated geotechnical data and 3D geological models, SJVN and IIT Patna aim to identify and analyze potential risks and hazards.

Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam (SJVN Limited)

  • It is an Indian public sector undertaking involved in hydroelectric power generation and transmission.
  • It was incorporated in 1988 as Nathpa Jhakri Power Corporation, a joint venture between the Government of India and the Government of Himachal Pradesh.

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