Very Short-Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS)
- 28 Sep 2022
- 4 min read
Why in News?
Recently, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) conducted two successful test flight of Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) missile from a ground based portable launcher at the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, off the coast of Odisha.
- Both the flight tests have completely met the mission objectives.
What is VSHORADS?
- Very Short-Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) is a Man Portable Air Defence System (MANPAD) designed and developed indigenously by DRDO’s Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad in collaboration with other DRDO laboratories and Indian Industry Partners.
- VSHORADS missile incorporates many novel technologies including miniaturized Reaction Control System (RCS) and integrated avionics, which have been successfully proven during the tests.
- The missile, meant for neutralizing low-altitude aerial threats at short ranges, is propelled by a dual thrust solid motor.
- The design of the missile including launcher has been highly optimized to ensure easy portability.
- This new missile equipped with modern technologies will give further technological boost to the Armed Forces.
What is a Reaction Control System?
- A Reaction Control System (RCS) is responsible for attitude control and steering by the use of thrusters.
- The RCS system is capable of providing small amounts of thrust in any desired direction or combination of directions.
- An RCS is also capable of providing torque to allow control of rotation (pitch, yaw, and roll).
What are MANPADS?
- MANPADS are short-range, lightweight and portable surface-to-air missiles that can be fired by individuals or small groups to destroy aircraft or helicopters.
- They help shield troops from aerial attacks and are most effective in targeting low-flying aircraft.
- MANPATs or Man-Portable Anti-Tank Systems work in a similar manner but are used to destroy or incapacitate military tanks.
- MANPADS have a maximum range of 8 kilometers and can engage targets at altitudes of 4.5 km.
- The first MANPADS were introduced by the United States and Soviet Union in the 1960s.