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Important Facts For Prelims

Son River

  • 24 May 2023
  • 2 min read

Why in News?

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has issued a directive to halt all mining activities in Son riverbed in Sonbhadra district, Uttar Pradesh.

  • The directive addresses illegal mining, imposing environmental compensation on mining companies.

What are the Characteristics of Son River?

  • About:
    • The Son River, also known as the Sone River, is a perennial river that flows through central India.
    • The Son River is the 2nd-largest southern (right bank) tributary of the Ganges after the Yamuna River.
  • Geography:
    • It originates near Amarkantak Hill in the Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi district of Chhattisgarh and finally merges with the Ganges River near Patna in Bihar.
      • Son forms a series of waterfalls at the edge of Amarkantak plateau.
    • It flows through four states: Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar.

  • Tributaries:
    • Ghaghar, Johilla, Chhoti Mahanadi, Banas, Gopad, Rihand, Kanhar and North Koel River.
  • Prominent Dams and Hydroelectric Projects:
    • Bansagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh
    • Rihand Dam near Pipri in Uttar Pradesh on Rihand River.
    • Indrapuri Barrage in Bihar; it diverts water from the Son River to the Sone Canal System for irrigation purposes.
    • Koilwar Bridge constructed in 1862 in Bihar; it serves as India's oldest river bridge, connecting Arrah with Patna.

Source: DTE

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