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Important Facts For Prelims

Sericulture in India

  • 12 Mar 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Cocoon production in Karnataka has picked up to meet the growing demand for indigenous silk.

  • Silk imports from China have been badly hit on account of Coronavirus.

Key Points

  • Sericulture:
    • It is an agro-based industry.
    • It involves rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects.
    • The major activities of sericulture comprise of food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament for value-added benefits such as processing and weaving.
    • Domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori) are raised for the purpose of sericulture.
  • The Government of India has allocated ₹2161.68 crores for three years i.e. 2017-2020 to its Central Sector SchemeSilk Samagra’ for the development of sericulture in the country.
  • Silk Production in India:
    • There are five major types of silk of commercial importance, obtained from different species of silkworms. These are Mulberry, Oak Tasar & Tropical Tasar, Muga and Eri.
    • Except for mulberry, other non-mulberry varieties of silks are wild silks, known as vanya silks.
    • India has the unique distinction of producing all these commercial varieties of silk.
    • South India is the leading silk producing area of the country and is also known for its famous silk weaving enclaves like Kancheepuram, Dharmavaram, Arni, etc.

Source: TH

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