Rohingya Muslims are described by the United Nations as the most persecuted minority in the world.
They fled their homes in 2017 to escape an alleged crackdown by the Myanmarese military.
To escape discrimination and violence in Myanmar, minority Rohingya Muslims have for decades fled from the Buddhist-majority country to neighbouring Bangladesh and other countries, including India.
What are Issues & Concerns to India’s Security?
Threat to National Security: The continuance of the illegal immigration of Rohingyas into India and their continued stay in India is found to be having serious national security ramifications and poses serious security threats.
Clash of Interests: It impacts the interests of local populations in the areas seeing large-scale influxes of illegal immigrants.
Political Instability: It also increases the political instability when leaders start mobilising the perception of the citizens of the country against the migrants by the elites to grab political power.
Rise of Militancy: The persistent attacks against the Muslims perceived as illegal migrants have given way to radicalisation.
Human trafficking: In recent decades, trafficking of women and human smuggling has become quite rampant across the borders.
Disturbance in Law and Order: The rule of law and integrity of the country are undermined by the illegal migrants who are engaged in illegal and anti-national activities.
What is the National Investigation Agency?
It was constituted under the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act, 2008. It is a central agency to investigate and prosecute offences:
Affecting the sovereignty, security and integrity of India, security of State, friendly relations with foreign States.
Against atomic and nuclear facilities.
Smuggling in High-Quality Counterfeit Indian Currency.
It implements international treaties, agreements, conventions and resolutions of the United Nations, its agencies and other international organisations.
It’s objective is also to combat terror in India. It acts as the Central Counter-Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency.