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Important Facts For Prelims

Rabi Crops

  • 23 Sep 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Government of India has inaugurated the National Conference on Agriculture for Rabi campaign 2021-22.

Key Points

Kharif Crops Rabi Crops
Crops that are sown during the southwest monsoon season are called kharif or monsoon crops. Those that are sown around the Retreating Monsoon and Northeast monsoon season, which begins by October are called rabi or winter crops.
These crops are sown at the beginning of the season around end May to early June and are harvested post the monsoon rains beginning October. The harvest for these crops happens typically during April and May, during the summer season.
These crops depend on the rainfall patterns. These crops are not much affected by the rainfall.
Rice, maize, pulses such as urad, moong dal and millets are among the key kharif crops. Major Rabi crops are wheat, gram, peas, barley etc.
It requires a lot of water and hot weather to grow. A warm climate is required for seed germination and cold climate for the growth of crops.

Zaid Crops

  • Sown and harvested: March-July (between Rabi and Kharif)
  • Important Zaid crops include: Seasonal fruits, vegetables, fodder crops etc

Source: PIB

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