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Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile System

  • 16 Nov 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test-fired Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile system (QRSAM).

  • The test was conducted at the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur off Odisha coast.
  • The Test was in continuation of a series of missile tests conducted by DRDO over the past two months.

Key Points

  • QRSAM is a canister-based system, which means that it is stored and operated from specially designed compartments.
    • In the canister, the inside environment is controlled, thus along with making its transport and storage easier, the shelf life of weapons also improves significantly.
  • The system is capable of detecting and tracking targets on the move and engaging targets with short halts.
  • Range and mobility:
    • It is a short range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, primarily designed and developed by DRDO to provide a protective shield to moving armoured columns of the Army from enemy aerial attacks.
    • The entire weapon system has been configured on a mobile and manoeuvrable platform and is capable of providing air defence on the move.
    • It has been designed for induction into the Army and has a range of 25 to 30 km.
  • Functioning:
    • The QRSAM weapon ensemble which functions on the move consists of a fully automated command and control system.
      • It also consists of two radars - Active Array Battery Surveillance Radar and Active Array Battery Multifunction Radar - with one launcher.
    • Both radars have 360-degree coverage with “search on move” and “track on move” capabilities.
    • The system is compact, uses a single stage solid propelled missile and has a mid-course inertial navigation system with two-way data link and terminal active seeker developed indigenously by DRDO.

Source: IE

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