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Important Facts For Prelims

Press Council of India

  • 24 Apr 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Press Council of India (PCI) condemned the ‘attack’ on the Republic TV anchor.

Key Points

  • The PCI was established under the PCI Act of 1978.
  • Aim: It aims to preserve the freedom of the press and maintain and improve the standards of newspapers and news agencies in India.
  • Composition: The PCI consists of a chairman and 28 other members.
    • The Chairman is selected by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha and a member elected by the PCI.
  • Functions: The functions of the PCI include
    • Helping newspapers maintain their independence.
    • Build a code of conduct for journalists and news agencies.
    • Help maintain “high standards of public taste” and foster responsibility among citizens.
    • Review developments likely to restrict flow of news.
  • Powers: The PCI has the power to receive complaints of violation of the journalistic ethics, or professional misconduct by an editor or journalist.
    • The PCI is responsible for enquiring into complaints received.
    • It may summon witnesses and take evidence under oath, demand copies of public records to be submitted, even issue warnings and admonish the newspaper, news agency, editor or journalist.
    • Decisions of the PCI are final and cannot be appealed before a court of law.
  • Limitations on the powers of the PCI: The powers of the PCI are restricted in two ways.
    • The PCI has limited powers of enforcing the guidelines issued. It cannot penalize newspapers, news agencies, editors and journalists for violation of the guidelines.
    • The PCI only overviews the functioning of print media. That is, it can enforce standards upon newspapers, journals, magazines and other forms of print media.
    • It does not have the power to review the functioning of the electronic media like radio, television and internet media.

Source: TH

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