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Pralay Missile

  • 28 Dec 2022
  • 4 min read

Why in News?

Recently, the Ministry of Defense has procured indigenous Short-Range Ballistic Surface-to-Surface (SRBM) Missile Pralay, giving Indian military the heft to its war-fighting capabilities.

What is Pralay?

  • About:
    • Pralay' is India's first conventional quasi-ballistic missile and is an answer to any conventional missile attack from northern or western borders.
      • A quasi-ballistic missile has a low trajectory, and while it is largely ballistic, it can maneuver in flight.
      • Ballistic missiles are initially powered by a rocket or series of rockets in stages, but then follow an unpowered trajectory that arches upwards before descending to reach its intended target at high speed.
    • The missile has been developed in a way that it is able to defeat the interceptor missiles and also has the ability to change its path after covering a certain range mid-air.
  • Features:
    • It is powered with a solid propellant rocket motor and many new technologies.
    • The missile guidance system includes state-of-the-art navigation system and integrated avionics.
    • It can be compared to China’s Dong Feng 12 and the Russian Iskander missile that has been used in the ongoing war with Ukraine.
    • It is capable of carrying a conventional warhead of about 350 kg to 700 kg, which gives it a deadly punitive capability.
    • It can carry a high explosive preformed fragmentation warhead, penetration-cum-blast (PCB) and runaway denial penetration submunition (RDPS).
  • Range:
    • The missile has a range of 150-500 kilometre and can be launched from a mobile launcher.
    • Pralay will be the longest-range surface-to-surface missile in the inventory of the Army.
  • Significance:
    • It is India’s first tactical quasi-ballistic missile and will give the armed forces the capability to hit enemy positions and key installations in actual battlefield areas.
    • Pralay, along with the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile, will form the crux of India’s planned Rocket Force.
    • It will completely change the tactical battlefield dynamics and India will have two conventional missiles with long range.
      • The BrahMos will be a cruise option and this one will be the ballistic option.
Ballistic Missile vs Cruise Missile
Ballistic Missile Cruise Missile
  • Travel in projectile motion and trajectory depends on gravity, air resistance and Coriolis Force.
  • Comparatively follows a straight trajectory of motion.
  • Leave the earth’s atmosphere and re enter it.
  • The flight path is within the earth’s atmosphere.
  • Long-range missiles (300 km to 12,000 km)
  • Short range missiles (range upto 1000 km)
  • E.g. Prithvi I, Prithvi II, Agni I, Agni II and Dhanush missiles.
  • E.g. BrahMos missiles

UPSC Civil Services Examination Previous Year Question (PYQ)

Q. With reference to Agni-IV Missile, which of the following statements is/are correct? (2014)

  1. It is a surface-to-surface missile.
  2. It is fuelled by liquid propellant only.
  3. It can deliver one-tonne nuclear warheads about 7500 km away.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans: (a)

Source: PRINT

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