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National Youth Day 2020

  • 13 Jan 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

National Youth Day (NYD) is observed on Swami Vivekananda's birth anniversary on January 12 every year.

Key Points

  • To honour Swami Vivekananda's contributions to the country, the government in the year 1984, declared his birthday as National Youth Day.
  • The main objective of NYD is to promote rational thinking among the youth. Youth is expected to rise to the values, principles and beliefs that Vivekananda lived by.
  • National Youth Festival (NYF) 2020: On this occasion, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and Uttar Pradesh government also jointly organized 23rd NYF 2020.
    • The Government has been organizing National Youth Festival (NYF) since 1995.
    • The objective of NYF is to provide an arena where youth can interact and exchange their social and cultural uniqueness. This blend of diverse socio-cultural milieu proves belief in ‘Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat’.
    • The theme of the NYF 2020 is ‘FIT YOUTH FIT INDIA’.

Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902)

  • He was born as Narendranath Datta on January 12, 1863.
  • Introduced the world to the Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga.
  • He was the chief disciple of the 19th-century mystic Ramakrishna Paramhansa.
  • Laid the greatest emphasis on education for the regeneration of our motherland. He advocated a man-making character-building education.
  • Established the Ramakrishna Mission in 1897. It is an organization which works in the area of value-based education, culture, health, women's empowerment, youth and tribal welfare and relief and rehabilitation.
  • He died at Belur Math in 1902. Belur Math, located in West Bengal, is the headquarters of Ramakrishna Math & Ramakrishna Mission.

Ramakrishna Paramhansa

  • He was born as Gadadhar Chattopadhyay in 1836 in West Bengal.
  • He was one of the leading Hindu spiritual leaders in the 19th century.
  • He believed that the realization of the existence of God is the supreme goal of all living beings.

Source: TH

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