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National Organ Donation Day

  • 28 Nov 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

National Organ Donation Day was celebrated on 27th November by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Key Points

  • National Organ Transplant Programme (NOTP)
    • Provides financial grants for establishing ROTTOs, SOTTOs, developing new and upgrading existing retrieval and transplant centres.
  • Organ Donation Institutional Set up:
  • State of Organ Donation in India:
    • India ranked third in the world as per WHO Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation (GODT) in terms of organ donation.

Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994

  • Transplantation of Human Organs Act was passed in 1994 and subsequently amended in 2011 thus bringing in form Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011.
  • It provides various regulations for the removal of human organs and its storage.
  • It also regulates the transplantation of human organs for therapeutic purposes and for the prevention of commercial dealings in human organs.
  • Main Provisions
    • The act recognises brain death identified as a form of the death process and defines criteria for brain death.
    • It provides regulatory and advisory bodies for monitoring transplantation activity.
    • It also provides for maintenance of a registry of donors and recipients of human organs and tissues.

Way Forward

  • Initiatives such as Indian Organ Donation Day helps promote awareness and recognize the selfless contribution made by deceased donors to healthcare and mankind re-instill our faith in humanity.

Source: PIB

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