National Organ Donation Day
- 28 Nov 2020
- 2 min read
Why in News
National Organ Donation Day was celebrated on 27th November by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- National Organ Transplant Programme (NOTP)
- Provides financial grants for establishing ROTTOs, SOTTOs, developing new and upgrading existing retrieval and transplant centres.
- Organ Donation Institutional Set up:
- The National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO), the Regional Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisations (ROTTO) at regional level and the State Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisations (SOTTO) at state level.
- State of Organ Donation in India:
- India ranked third in the world as per WHO Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation (GODT) in terms of organ donation.
Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994
- Transplantation of Human Organs Act was passed in 1994 and subsequently amended in 2011 thus bringing in form Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011.
- It provides various regulations for the removal of human organs and its storage.
- It also regulates the transplantation of human organs for therapeutic purposes and for the prevention of commercial dealings in human organs.
- Main Provisions
- The act recognises brain death identified as a form of the death process and defines criteria for brain death.
- It provides regulatory and advisory bodies for monitoring transplantation activity.
- It also provides for maintenance of a registry of donors and recipients of human organs and tissues.
- Initiatives such as Indian Organ Donation Day helps promote awareness and recognize the selfless contribution made by deceased donors to healthcare and mankind re-instill our faith in humanity.