Online Courses (English)
This just in:

Daily Updates

Biodiversity & Environment

National Mission on use of Biomass in Coal Based Thermal Power Plants

  • 27 May 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Ministry of Power has decided to set up a National Mission on use of Biomass in coal based thermal power plants.

Key Points

  • About:
    • The proposed National Mission on biomass will also contribute to the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP).
    • It would further support the energy transition in the country and our targets to move towards cleaner energy sources.
  • Aim:
  • Objective:
    • Increase the level of biomass co-firing from present 5% to higher levels to have a larger share of carbon neutral power generation from the thermal power plants.
      • Biomass co-firing stands for adding biomass as a partial substitute fuel in high efficiency coal boilers.
    • Take up R&D (Research & Development) activity in boiler design to handle the higher amount of silica, alkalis in the biomass pellets.
    • Facilitate overcoming the constraints in supply chain of biomass pellets and agro- residue and its transport upto to the power plants.
    • Consider regulatory issues in biomass co-firing.
  • Proposed Structure:
    • The Mission would have a Steering Committee headed by the Secretary (Ministry of Power) comprising all stakeholders including representatives from the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas , Ministry of New & Renewable Energy etc.
    • National Thermal Power Corporation Limited will play a larger role in providing logistics and infrastructure support.
  • Duration:
    • The duration of the proposed National Mission would be a minimum 5 years.
  • Initiatives to Reduce Pollution from Coal Power Plants:
    • Stringent emission standards for coal based thermal power plants have been notified.
    • Approved automatic transfer of coal linkage from inefficient power plants to new supercritical plants subject to certain conditions to promote setting up of supercritical units in place of old ones.
    • Thermal power plants within 50 km of sewage treatment facilities will mandatorily use treated sewage water.
  • Other Initiatives to Reduce Air Pollution:

Biomass

  • About:
    • Biomass is plant or animal material used as fuel to produce electricity or heat. Examples are wood, energy crops and waste from forests, yards, or farms.
    • Biomass has always been an important energy source for the country considering the benefits it offers.
  • Benefits:
    • It is renewable, widely available, carbon-neutral and has the potential to provide significant employment in the rural areas.
    • It is also capable of providing firm energy. About 32% of the total primary energy use in the country is still derived from biomass and more than 70% of the country’s population depends upon it for its energy needs.
  • Biomass power & cogeneration programme:
    • About:
      • Initiated by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
      • For efficient utilization of biomass, bagasse based cogeneration in sugar mills and biomass power generation have been taken up under the programme.
      • Biomass materials used for power generation include Rice husk, straw, cotton stalk, coconut shells, soya husk, de-oiled cakes, coffee waste, jute wastes, groundnut shells, saw dust etc.
    • Objective:
      • Promoting technologies for optimum use of the country's biomass resources for grid power generation.

Source: PIB

SMS Alerts
 

Please login or register to view note list

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close
 

Please login or register to make your note

close

Please login or register to list article as progressed

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close