Online Courses (English)
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates

Biodiversity & Environment

National Climate Vulnerability Assessment Report

  • 20 Apr 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

The Department of Science and Technology has released a report titled ‘The Report Climate Vulnerability Assessment for Adaptation Planning in India Using a Common Framework’.

Key Points

  • About the Report:
    • It identifies the most vulnerable states and districts in India with respect to current climate risk and key drivers of vulnerability.
    • It aids in prioritizing adaptation investment, developing and implementing adaptation programs.
    • The assessment is unique as it uses a common framework across the states & union territory to make them comparable thereby empowering the decision-making capabilities at the policy and administrative levels.
    • Some key indicators for the assessment include percentage of population living below the poverty line; income share from natural resources; the proportion of marginal and small landholdings, women’s participation in the workforce; density of healthcare workers etc.
    • It is part of the capacity building programme under the two missions of the National Action Plan on Climate Change (total 8 missions).
      • National Mission on Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem (NMSHE)
      • National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change (NMSKCC).
  • Key Findings of the Report:
    • Highly Vulnerable States: It identified Jharkhand, Mizoram, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal as states highly vulnerable to climate change.
    • Lower-middle Vulnerable States: Himachal Pradesh, Telangana, Sikkim and Punjab.
    • Low Vulnerable States: Uttarakhand, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Nagaland, Goa and Maharashtra.
    • Highly Vulnerable Districts: Among all states, Assam, Bihar, and Jharkhand have over 60% districts in the category of highly vulnerable districts.
      • Vulnerability scores in all the districts of India lies in a very small range. It shows that all districts & states are somewhat vulnerable with respect to current climate risk in India.
  • Significance of the Findings:
    • The assessments can be used for India’s reporting on the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement.
      • NDCs embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
    • These assessments will help support India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change.
    • It will contribute to the development of more targeted climate change projects and will support the implementation of the State Action Plans on Climate Change.
    • It will help in developing adaptation projects for the Green Climate Fund, Adaptation Fund and funds from multilateral and bilateral agencies.
    • It will also benefit climate-vulnerable communities across India through development of better-designed climate change adaptation projects.

Climate Risk

  • Climate-related extremes, such as heat waves, droughts, floods, cyclones, and wildfires, reveal significant vulnerability and exposure of some ecosystems and many human systems to current climate variability.
  • Differences in vulnerability and exposure arise from non-climatic factors and from multidimensional inequalities often produced by uneven development processes. These differences shape differential risks from climate change.
  • According to The Germanwatch Global Climate Risk Index-2019, India was ranked 5th out of 181 countries, implying an extremely high exposure and vulnerability.

Source: PIB

SMS Alerts
 

Please login or register to view note list

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close
 

Please login or register to make your note

close

Please login or register to list article as progressed

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close