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Mizoram Bru Refugees

  • 20 Apr 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

The process of settlement of Mizoram Bru refugees in Tripura has started.

  • It is in accordance with a quadripartite accord signed in New Delhi in January 2020.

Key Points

  • Background:
    • Bru or Reang is a community indigenous to Northeast India, living mostly in Tripura, Mizoram and Assam. In Tripura, they are recognised as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group.
    • In Mizoram, they have been targeted by groups that do not consider them indigenous to the state.
      • In 1997, following ethnic clashes, nearly 37,000 Brus fled Mamit, Kolasib and Lunglei districts of Mizoram and were accommodated in relief camps in Tripura.
    • Since then, 5,000 have returned to Mizoram in eight phases of repatriation, while 32,000 still live in six relief camps in North Tripura.
      • In June 2018, community leaders from the Bru camps signed an agreement with the Centre and the two state governments, providing for repatriation in Mizoram. But most camp residents rejected the terms of the agreement.
      • The camp residents said that the agreement didn't guarantee their safety in Mizoram.
  • Quadripartite Accord:
    • The Centre, the governments of Mizoram and Tripura and leaders of Bru organisations signed a quadripartite agreement in January (2020).
    • Under the pact, the Home Ministry has committed to incur the whole expenditure of settlement in Tripura.
    • A package was assured in the accord that each refugee family would get:
      • A plot, fixed deposit of Rs. 4 lakh, free ration and a monthly stipend of Rs. 5,000 for two years.
      • In addition, each family will also be provided Rs. 1.5 lakh to construct a house.

Source: TH

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