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Manda Buffalo: Odisha

Star marking (1-5) indicates the importance of topic for CSE
  • 07 Sep 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

The Manda buffalo has been recognised as the 19th unique breed of buffaloes found in India by the National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR).

  • Four breeds of cattle - Binjharpuri, Motu, Ghumusari and Khariar - and two breeds of buffalo - Chilika and Kalahandi - and one breed of sheep, Kendrapada, have already received NBAGR recognition.

Key Points

  • Manda:
    • Habitat:
      • They are found in the Eastern Ghats and plateau of Koraput region of Odisha.
      • The small, sturdy buffaloes are used for ploughing in their native habitat.
    • Characteristics:
      • These buffaloes have ash grey and grey coats with copper-coloured hair. Some animals are silver white in colour.
    • Speciality of the Breed:
      • The Manda are resistant to parasitic infections, less prone to diseases and can live, produce and reproduce at low or nil input systems.
  • Significance of Recognition:
    • The state and the Centre will make efforts to conserve this unique buffalo genetic resource of Odisha and enhance their productivity through breeding strategy.
    • The governments will help in marketing the produce- milk, curd and ghee at a premium price resulting in the improvement of the livelihood of the stakeholders in the native tract.
  • NBAGR:
    • Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) -National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal (ICAR-NBAGR) is the nodal agency for the registration of newly identified germplasm of livestock and poultry of the country.
    • Its mandate includes Identification, Evaluation, Characterization, Conservation and sustainable Utilization of Livestock and Poultry Genetic Resources.

Source: TH

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