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Indian History

Kawtchhuah Ropui Heritage Site, Mizoram

  • 11 Feb 2019
  • 2 min read

Archaeological survey of India has discovered traces of ancient civilization in Vangchhia, a village in Mizoram’s Champhai district bordering Myanmar.

  • The site has been named as the Kawtchhuah Ropui heritage site. Kawtchhuah Ropui means the Great Entranceway.
  • Kawtchhuah Ropuithe heritage site is Mizoram’s first site which is under the protected monuments of Archaeological Survey of India’s (ASI).
  • The area is part of the Lower Himalayas and has rows of steep hills largely made up of various kinds of sandstone shading from light grey to blackish.
  • The site, measuring about 45 sq km has yielded pictographs etched on large stone slabs, menhirs (large standing stones), a necropolis (a large cemetery), a water pavilion among other artifacts.
  • The ancient people of Vangchhia also carved terraces on rocks for their settlement — the main excavated site consists of 15 such terraces.
  • There are over 100 menhirs, rising almost 15 feet tall, stand at the excavation site depicting floral, animal and humans.
  • Water pavilion has strategically drilled holes — between one foot and one meter across — spread over several sandstone slopes and used for storing water.
  • ASI has not been able to accurately date the Vangchhia settlement. Initially, ASI estimated site to be from the 15th century. 
  • However, recently, the ASI team has also discovered neolithic caves near Vangchhia, indicating that the lost civilization could be much older.                             
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