Online Courses (English)
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates

Indian Heritage & Culture

Mahamastakabhisheka Celebrations

  • 11 Feb 2019
  • 4 min read

Recently, the 10-day long Mahamastakabhisheka for the monolith 39-foot high Bahubali statue started in Dharmasthala, Karnataka.

  • This year (2019), Mahamastakabhisheka Mahotsava will be observed from February 9 to February 18.
  • This is the fourth mahamastakabhisheka of Lord Bahubali since its installation in 1982. Earlier were performed in 1982, 1995, and in 2007 in Dharmasthala.
  • It was sculpted by Renjala Gopalakrishna Shenoy under the aegis of Ratnavarma Heggade in 1973. It was then positioned atop Ratnagiri Hill in the temple town of Dharmasthala in 1982.

Note:

  • In 2018, the anointing ceremony of the Gomateshwara Bahubali statue at Shravanabelagola took place from February 17 to February 25.
  • The statue at Shravanabelagola is believed to be one of the largest free-standing statues in the world (at 57 feet), which was built in 983 AD by the minister of the Ganga dynasty, Chamunda-Raya.

Mahamastakabhisheka 

  • The word Mahamastakabhisheka is a combination of three words viz: Maha (great), Masthaka (head) and Abhisheka (anointing) which literally means ‘the head anointing ceremony’.
  • The ceremony is called Mahamastakabhisheka (also referred as Grand Consecration) and not Mastakabhisheka because the ceremony is performed only once in 12 years.
  • The Mahamastakabhisheka Mahotsava is an anointing ceremony of the statue of Lord Bahubali.

Lord Bahubali

  • Lord Bahubali was the son of lord Rishabhanatha who was the first of the 24 Jain Tirthankaras.
  • Jain mythology holds up Bahubali as the one who succeeded in attaining liberty from worldly desires through a long period of sustained meditation.
  • The sculpture of Lord Bahubali is in upright posture of meditation known as Kayotsarga which stands for renunciation, self-control and subjugation of the ego as a reflection of his life.
  • This is the digambara form of Bahubali which represents complete victory over earthly desires and needs, which forms the edifice for spiritual ascent towards divinity.

Jainism

  • The most famous thinker of the Jainas, Vardhamana Mahavira was born in 540 B.C. in Kundagram village near Vaishali. He was a Kshatriya prince belonging to the Lichchhavi clan.
  • According to the beliefs of the Jain tradition, Mahavir was the 24th Tirthankara, who succeeded the 23rd Tirthankara, Parshvanatha.
  • Tirthankara is a Sanskrit word meaning 'Fordmaker', i.e., one who is able to ford the river, to cross beyond the perpetual flow of earthly life.
  • Mahavir attained ‘kaivalya’ or omniscience at the age of 42.
  • He passed away at the age of 72 at a place called Pavapuri, near modern day Rajgir (in Bihar) after preaching for thirty years.
  • Jainism attaches utmost importance to ahimsa or non-violence. It preaches 5 mahavratas (the 5 great vows):
    • Ahimsa (Non-violence)
    • Satya (Truth)
    • Asteya or Achaurya (Non-stealing)
    • Brahmacharya (Celibacy/Chastity)
    • Aparigraha (Non-attachment/Non-possession)
  • The three jewels or triratna of Jainism include Samyak Darshana (right faith), Samyak Gyana (right knowledge) and Samyak Charitra (right conduct).
  • Jainism is a religion of self-help. There are no gods or spiritual beings that will help human beings. It does not condemn the varna system.
  • The texts containing the teachings of Mahavira are called the Agamas.
  • In later times, it got divided into two sects: Shvetambaras (white-clad) under Sthalabahu and Digambaras (sky-clad) under the leadership of Bhadrabahu.
SMS Alerts
 

Please login or register to view note list

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close
 

Please login or register to make your note

close

Please login or register to list article as progressed

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close