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Important Facts For Prelims

Kashmir Saffron got GI Tag

  • 02 May 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Key Points

  • Saffron cultivation is believed to have been introduced in Kashmir by Central Asian immigrants around the 1st Century BCE.
    • It has been associated with traditional Kashmiri cuisine and represents the rich cultural heritage of the region.
    • It is a very precious and costly product.
  • In ancient Sanskrit literature, saffron is referred to as ‘bahukam’.
  • It is cultivated and harvested in the Karewa (highlands) of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Uniqueness: The features which differentiates it from other saffron varieties available the world over are:
    • It is the only saffron that is grown at an altitude of 1,600 m to 1,800 m above mean sea level.
    • It has longer and thicker stigmas, natural deep-red colour, high aroma, bitter flavour, chemical-free processing.
    • It also has a high quantity of crocin (colouring strength), safranal (flavour) and picrocrocin (bitterness).
  • Types: There are three types of saffron available in Kashmir — Lachha Saffron, Mongra Saffron and Guchhi Saffron.
  • Uses:
    • Kashmir saffron is used globally as a spice. It also helps in revitalizing health.
    • It is used in cosmetics and for medicinal purposes.
  • Benefit of tag: With the GI tag, Kashmir saffron would gain more prominence in the export market.
    • Iran is the largest producer of saffron and India is a close competitor.

Source: TH

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