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Important Facts For Prelims

Indian Bison (Gaur)

  • 17 Oct 2022
  • 3 min read

Why in News?

Recently, Sri Lanka asked India to translocate 6 Indian Bisons to reintroduce them in the island from where they became extinct by the end of 17th century.

  • If the project is cleared, it would be the first such agreement between India and Sri Lanka.

What are the Important Facts about Indian Bison?

  • About:
    • The Indian Bison or Gaur (Bos gaurus) is the tallest species of wild cattle found in India and largest extant bovine.
    • There are about 13,000 to 30,000 gaurs in the world with approximately 85% of the population present in India.

  • Geography:
    • It is native to South and Southeast Asia.
    • In India, they are very much prevalent in the Western Ghats.
    • It is also found in Burma and Thailand.
  • Habitat:
    • They prefer evergreen forests and moist deciduous forests.
      • However, they can survive in dry deciduous forests also.
    • They are not found in the Himalayas with an altitude greater than 6,000 ft.
      • They generally stick to the foothills only.
  • Food Habits:
    • The Indian Bison is a grazing animal and generally feeds in the early morning and in the late evenings.
  • Conservation Status:
  • Threats:
    • Food Scarcity: Due to the destruction in the grasslands, planting of commercially important trees, invasive plant species and indiscriminate grazing of domestic animals
    • Poaching: For their commercial value as well as due to the high demand of gaur meat.
    • Habitat Loss: Due to deforestation and commercial plantations.
    • Human-Animal Conflict: Due to living in proximity with human habitations.

Source: TH

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