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  • 23 Jun 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Indian naval ships will join maritime patrol and other aircraft to participate in a Passage Exercise or PASSEX with the US Navy’s Ronald Reagan Carrier Strike Group during its transit through Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

  • A passage exercise is normally undertaken whenever an opportunity arises, in contrast to pre-planned maritime drills.
  • Earlier, the Indian Navy had also conducted similar PASSEXs with the Japanese Navy and the French Navy.

Key Points

  • About:
    • Indian Naval Ships Kochi and Teg along with P8I (maritime patrol aircraft) and (Indian ship based) MiG 29K aircraft are participating in the PASSEX.
    • The Indian Naval warships along with aircraft from Indian Navy and Indian Air Force (IAF) will be engaged in joint multi-domain operations with the US Carrier Strike Group.
    • High tempo operations during the exercise include advanced air defence exercises, cross deck helicopter operations and anti-submarine exercises.
  • Previous PASSEX with US:
    • The Indian Navy conducted as PASSEX with the USS Ronald Reagan in October 2020.
    • Indian naval ships conducted another PASSEX with the USS Nimitz in July 2020.
  • Impact:
    • Establish Rule Based Order:
      • It underscores the shared values as partner navies, in ensuring commitment to an open, inclusive and a rule-based international order.
    • Increased Interoperability:
      • It will enhance aspects of interoperability, nuances of international integrated maritime search and rescue operations and exchange of best practices in the maritime airpower domain.
    • Counter China’s Expansionism:
      • The exercise comes a week after the Indian defence minister called for an open and inclusive order in the Indo-Pacific region, including the South China Sea at the 8th ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting (ADMM) Plus Meeting.
      • The Indian Navy is carrying out round-the-clock surveillance in the IOR, which, it believes, China will inevitably try to enter in its quest to become a global power, just as it has laid claim to large portions of the disputed South China Sea.
  • India-US Joint Exercises:

Source: IE

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