India’s Campaign Brochure for UNSC Seat
- 06 Jun 2020
- 5 min read
Why in News
Recently, India has released a campaign brochure ahead of the vote for the non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in 2021-22.
- This will be the eighth time India will occupy a non-permanent UNSC seat, with its last term in 2011-2012.
- India also seeks for a permanent membership in the UNSC.
- India along with other countries of G4 grouping (Japan, Brazil and Germany) is asking for a spot for permanent membership in UNSC.
- Five permanent members: China, France, the Russian Federation, the UK and the USA.
- India is guaranteed a place as it is the sole candidate for Asia-Pacific but needs two-thirds of the 193-member General Assembly to vote in its favour in a secret ballot scheduled for 17th June, 2020 in New York (USA).
- Issues Highlighted:
- International governance has been under increasing strain due to traditional and non-traditional security challenges. Terrorism is one of the most cited examples.
- Unreformed and under-representative global institutions and the Covid-19 pandemic with its economic impact has increased challenges for the UNSC.
- India’s Solutions:
- Its objective will be the achievement of N.O.R.M.S: a New Orientation for a Reformed Multilateral System.
- India will highlight international terrorism, United Nations reforms and Security Council expansion, streamlining the peacekeeping operations and technology initiatives during its upcoming tenure.
- Since 2013, India has been planning for a seat in 2021 as the year will mark its 75th year of Independence.
- Identifying an uncontested spot is not an easy task.
- However, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan agreed to set aside for the 2021-22 seat, in a friendly gesture.
- India also persuaded the Asia-Pacific grouping nomination by diplomacy and negotiations to avoid any last-minute contenders against India.
- India was able to win a unanimous endorsement from the 55-nation grouping that included both China and Pakistan, in June 2019.
- However, winning the maximum votes at the General Assembly this time will be a little hard for India due to:
Selection of Non-permanent Members of Security Council
- Each year, the General Assembly elects five non-permanent members (out of ten in total) for a two-year term. The ten non-permanent seats are distributed on a regional basis:
- Five for African and Asian countries.
- One for Eastern European countries.
- Two for Latin American and Caribbean countries.
- Two for Western European and other countries.
- Article 23 of the UN Charter concerns the composition of the Security Council.
- Other Contenders for Other Seats:
- Mexico is expected to be elected unopposed for the Latin American group.
- Canada, Ireland and Norway will contend for two seats of the West European and Others Group (WEOG).
- Kenya and Djibouti will contend for an African seat.
- India for long has been of the view that the UNSC sought to be reformed by expansion in its permanent membership and non-permanent membership as well.
- India has been acknowledged as a rising power by most of the states. Also, there is a pressing need to democratize multilateral fora, starting from the United Nation system itself. In this context, India is making a legitimate claim for its rightful place in the changing architecture of global governance, including the UNSC.