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India and Myanmar Ink Various Pacts

  • 28 Feb 2020
  • 4 min read

Why in News

India and Myanmar signed 10 agreements with a focus on socio-economic development of Myanmar, during Myanmar President U Win Myint’s visit to India.

Key Points

  • Connectivity:
    • The two countries will start a coordinated bus service between Manipur’s Imphal and Myanmar’s Mandalay from April 2020.
    • India will assist Myanmar in the construction of Integrated Check Point at Tamu, Myanmar, bordering Manipur.
      • The two countries signed the Land Border Crossing Agreement in 2018, which allowed bona fide travellers with valid documents to cross the border at two international points of entry/exit- Moreh-Tamu and Zokhawathar-Rih.
  • Rakhine State Development Programme:
    • More projects will be added to this programme.
    • India signed a development programme for Rakhine State in Myanmar in late 2017 which was designed to assist the Myanmar government in Rakhine State to build housing infrastructure for displaced Rohingyas.
    • India had committed $25 million grant assistance to Myanmar and phase-I involved completion of 250 prefabricated houses in Rakhine State.
  • Infrastructure Development:
    • India will also support the establishment of Myanmar’s diplomatic academy, and extend the National Knowledge Network to Myanmar.
    • Both countries have decided to extend the Quick Impact Project schemes to Myanmar.
      • Under this, India will take up capacity development work in the form of small projects which yield quick beneficial results for the local people.
  • International Cooperation:
  • Cooperation under other sectors:
    • India will offer medical radiation equipment Bhabhatron II for the treatment of cancer patients and strengthen cooperation in the health sector.
    • Both countries agreed to have government-to-government cooperation in petroleum, including in refinery, stockpiling, blending and retail.
    • In governance, India will help Myanmar with the project of e-ID cards, which is modelled after the Aadhaar project.
    • The two sides showed commitment to continue negotiations on pending treaties like Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) and Extradition Treaty.
    • An MoU has also been signed on ‘Cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons; Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Re-Integration of Victims of Trafficking’ between the two countries.

Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties

  • These are agreements between governments allowing for the exchange of evidence and information in criminal and related matters between the signing countries.

Extradition Treaty

  • This is an agreement or arrangement made by India with a Foreign State, relating to the Extradition of fugitive criminals.
  • Extradition treaties are traditionally bilateral in character.

Source: IE

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