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Important Facts For Prelims

Improvement in Sex Ratio at Birth

  • 09 Aug 2019
  • 1 min read

According to the fourth National Family Health Surveys (NFHS) 2015-16, the sex ratio at birth (SRB) in India has improved from 914 to 919.

  • SRB is defined as the number of female births per 1,000 male births.
  • Survey held that the highest improvement in SRB was noted in Punjab at 126 points, but its SRB remained at 860 (one of the lowest SRB in the states).
  • Despite the North-Eastern societies traditionally being matriarchal, the sharpest decline was in Sikkim, where the SRB dropped 175 points to reach 809, the lowest among all states in 2015-16.
    • Next, to Sikkim, the five states with the highest declines included four more from the Northeast.

Source: IE

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