Online Courses (English)
This just in:

Important Facts For Prelims

Important Facts for Prelims (25th January 2019)

  • 25 Jan 2019
  • 4 min read

National Girl Child Day

  • The Ministry of Women & Child Development has celebrated National Girl Child Day (NGCD) on 24th January 2019 in Delhi.
  • The theme of NGCD 2019 was “Empowering Girls for a Brighter Tomorrow” and was celebrated with objectives of generating awareness on the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and create a positive environment around valuing the girl child.
  • The celebrations also marked the 4th anniversary of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme which was launched in 2015.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme

  • The trend of decline in the Child Sex Ratio (CSR), defined as the number of girls per 1000 of boys between 0-6 years of age, has been unabated since 1961.
  • The decline from 945 in 1991 to 927 in 2001 and further to 918 in 2011 is alarming.
  • The decline in the CSR is a major indicator of women disempowerment.
  • CSR reflects both, pre-birth discrimination manifested through gender-biased sex selection, and post-birth discrimination against girls.
  • Two most prominent reasons for the decline in child sex ratio are:
    • Social construct discriminating against girls 
    • Easy availability, affordability and subsequent misuse of diagnostic tools
  • The government has announced the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative to ensure survival, protection, and empowerment of the girl child.
  • This is being implemented through a national campaign and focussed multisectoral action in 100 selected districts low in CSR, covering all States and UTs.
  • This is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Human Resource Development.
  • The objectives of this initiative are:
    • Prevention of gender-biased sex-selective elimination
    • Ensuring survival & protection of the girl child
    • Ensuring education and participation of the girl child

Bio-fuel Standard for Aviation

  • To use bio-jet fuel on all military and civilian aircraft, Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), in collaboration with IAF and the oil industry, has brought out a new standard for Aviation Turbine Fuels (ATF).
  • This standard would enable the oil companies to manufacture bio-jet fuel for the Indian aviation industry and align Indian standards with current international standards.
  • This step will help in reducing the carbon emissions and will help India become a green fuel production hub.
  • Increased demand of bio-jet fuel would give impetus to increase in collection of tree-borne non-edible oil seeds, which, in turn, will help generate ancillary income, increase remuneration for tribal and marginal farmers, and enthuse cultivation/ collection of oilseeds.
  • This will also help in achieving global emission target under Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).
    • CORSIA addresses the increase in total CO2 emissions from international aviation above 2020 levels.

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

  • The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a UN specialized agency, established in 1944 to manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).

India’s First Military Flight using Blended Bio-Jet Fuel

SMS Alerts
 

Please login or register to view note list

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close
 

Please login or register to make your note

close

Please login or register to list article as progressed

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close