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Social Justice

Immediate Subsistence Assistance to Transgender

  • 21 May 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

In view of Covid-19 pandemic, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment will give transgender persons a one-time financial assistance of Rs. 1,500.

Key Points

  • About the Assistance:
    • Immediate subsistence assistance to trans persons would be given through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT), for which beneficiaries can register with the National Institute of Social Defence.
  • National Institute of Social Defence (NISD):
    • NISD is an Autonomous Body and is registered under Societies Act XXI of 1860 with the Government of National Capital Territory (NCT), Delhi.
    • It is a central advisory body for the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
    • It is the nodal training and research institute in the field of social defence.
    • It currently focuses on human resource development in the areas of drug abuse prevention, welfare of senior citizens, beggary prevention, transgender and other social defence issues.
  • Major Initiatives Related to Transgender:
    • Judgements of the Supreme Court:
    • Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019:
      • A transgender person is one whose gender does not match the gender assigned at birth. It includes transmen and trans-women, persons with intersex variations, gender-queers, and persons with socio-cultural identities, such as kinnar and hijra.
      • Establishes Natonal Council for Transgender persons.
      • Gives right to obtain Certificate of Identity.
      • Provides the right of residence with parents and immediate family members.
      • Prohibits discrimination against a transgender person in various sectors such as education, employment, and healthcare etc.
      • Offences against transgender persons will attract imprisonment between six months and two years, in addition to a fine.
    • Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules, 2020, National Portal for Transgender Persons and the Scheme of ‘Shelter Home for Transgender Persons’.

Source: TH

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