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Homeland Security Dialogue between India and US

  • 13 Jan 2022
  • 6 min read

For Prelims: Homeland Security Dialogue, QUAD, Four foundational defence agreements, Defence exercises, NISAR.

For Mains: Indo-US Defence and Security cooperation, Significance of Indo-US relations, Different aspects of India-US relations.

Why in News

Recently, a Homeland Security Dialogue was held between the officials of India and US.

Key Points

  • About:
    • The Indo-US homeland security dialogue was launched in 2010 as the mechanism to a sequel to the signing of the India-US counter-terrorism initiative.
      • First Homeland Security Dialogue was held in May 2011.
    • The latest virtual meeting came after in March 2021, the US President Joe Biden administration had announced the re-establishment of the Homeland Security Dialogue which was discontinued by former US President Donald Trump’s administration.
    • There are six sub-groups formed under the Indo-US homeland security dialogue which cover the areas of:
      • Illicit finance, Financial fraud and counterfeiting.
      • Cyber information.
      • Megacity policing and sharing of information among federal, state and local partners.
      • Global supply chain, transportation, port, border and maritime security.
      • Capacity building.
      • Technology upgradation.
  • India- US Relations:
    • About:
      • India-US bilateral relations have developed into a "global strategic partnership", based on shared democratic values and increasing convergence of interests on bilateral, regional and global issues.
      • In 2015, both the countries issued a Delhi Declaration of Friendship and adopted a Joint Strategic Vision for Asia-Pacific and the Indian Ocean Region.
    • Civil-Nuclear Deal:
    • Energy and Climate Change:
      • As a priority initiative under the PACE (Partnership to Advance Clean Energy), the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Government of India have established the Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Centre (JCERDC) designed to promote clean energy innovations by teams of scientists from India and the United States.
      • India-US Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership was launched at the Leaders climate summit 2021.
    • Defence Cooperation:
      • Defence relationship has emerged as a major pillar of India-US strategic partnership with the signing of ‘New Framework for India-US Defence Relations’ in 2005 which was further updated for 10 years in 2015.
      • India and US inked important defence pacts in the last few years and also formalised the four nation alliance of QUAD (India, US, Japan and Australia).
        • The alliance is seen as an important counter to China in the Indo-Pacific.
      • The Malabar exercise in November 2020 portrayed a high point in Indo-US strategic ties, it was the first time in 13 years that all four countries of QUAD came together sending a strong message to China.
      • India now has access to American bases from Djibouti in Africa to Guam in the Pacific. It can also access advanced communication technology used in US defence.
      • India and US have four foundational defence agreements:
      • India-US Counter-Terrorism Cooperation Initiative was signed in 2010 to expand collaboration on counter-terrorism, information sharing and capacity building.
      • A tri-services exercise– Tiger Triumph- was conducted in November 2019.
      • Bilateral and regional exercises include: Yudh Abhyas (Army), Vajra Prahar (Special Forces), RIMPAC, Red Flag.
    • Trade:
      • The US is India’s second largest trading partner and a major destination for India’s exports of goods and services.
      • The US replaced Mauritius as the second largest source of foreign direct investment into India during 2020-21.
      • The previous US government ended India’s special trade status (GSP withdrawal) and also imposed several bans, India also retaliated with bans on 28 US products.
      • Current US government has allowed all the bans by the previous government to expire.
    • Science & Technology:
    • Indian Diaspora:
      • There is a growing presence of Indian diaspora in all spheres in the US. For example the current Vice-President (Kamala Harris) of the US has a strong Indian connection.

Way Forward

  • The stage has been set for transforming India’s partnership with the US. Afghanistan remains a key area of continuing concern for both India and the US and both sides are now looking at the bigger challenges emerging in the Indo-Pacific, driven by the rise and assertion of China.
  • There is a huge potential to boost bilateral trade between the countries especially on account of increasing anti-China sentiment in both the nations.

Source: IE

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