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Gujarat Anti-Terror Bill

  • 06 Nov 2019
  • 3 min read

Why in News

The President of India gave assent to the Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime (GCTOC) Bill, an anti-terror legislation passed by Gujarat in 2015.

Key Provisions

  • It defines a ‘terrorist act’, as an act committed with the intention to disturb law and order or threaten the unity, integrity, and security of the state.
  • It also mentions organized crime which are criminal activities run for a substantial profit.
    • It includes economic offences namely, Ponzi schemes, multi-level marketing schemes, and organized betting.
    • It also includes extortion, land grabbing, contract killings, cybercrimes, and human trafficking.
  • The investigating agencies can intercept telephonic conversations and submit them as legitimate evidence in court.
    • However, the approval for interceptions of telephonic conversations will be cleared at the level of additional chief secretary.
  • The confessions made before a police officer will also be considered as evidence.
    • However, the confessions made to an officer of the rank of Superintendent of Police (SP) or above would only be admissible in court.
  • It provides 180 days’ time for authorities to file a charge sheet instead of the usual 90 days and also proposes stricter conditions for bail.
  • It also provides for the creation of a special court as well as the appointment of special public prosecutors.

Controversial Provisions of GCTOC Bill

  • The consideration of intercepted telephonic conversations as legitimate evidence is violative of the Right to Privacy (Article 21).
  • Also, the consideration of confession made before police officers as evidence is violative of the fundamental rights of an accused (Article 20).
    • Article 20(3) of the constitution says that no person accused of any offence shall be compelled to be a witness against himself.
  • The extension of time for filing the charge sheet has been increased up to 180 days from for 90 days.
    • The clause keeps a person under detention for a longer period of time.
  • These provisions are on the lines of the Centre’s Prevention of Terrorist Activities Act (POTA).
    • But arbitrary use of such provisions led to the repulsion of POTA in 2004.

Advantages of the Bill

  • Gujarat shares a border with Pakistan, and hence, such legislation is required for better safety and security, especially in a coastal and border state.
  • It will give sufficient power to police officials and enhance the security of the state.
  • It will also help control cybercrime and narco-terrorism fuelled by terrorist outfits from across the border.


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