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Important Facts For Prelims

Guindy National Park: Tamil Nadu

  • 01 Jul 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

The Guindy National Park provides a number of ecosystem services to the people of Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

  • Ecosystem services are the direct and indirect contributions of ecosystems to human well-being.

Key Points

  • About:
    • It is India’s eighth-smallest national park and one of the very few national parks located inside a city. It is located in the heart of Chennai’s metropolitan area.
    • It is one of the last remnants of the tropical dry evergreen forests of the Coromandel Coast.
    • About 22 acres of the Guindy National Park has been carved out into a park known as the Children’s Park for ex-situ conservation.
    • Guindy Snake Park is next to Guindy National Park. It gained statutory recognition as a medium zoo from the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) in 1995.
    • In 1978 the small area, popularly known as Guindy Deer Park, was declared as a national park.
  • Flora and Fauna:
    • It contains more than 30 species of trees and a number of century old gigantic Banyan Trees.
    • It has a significant population of black bucks, spotted deers, jackals, varieties of snakes, over 100 species of birds and over 60 species of butterflies.
  • Other National Parks in Tamil Nadu:
    • Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park (21 Islands), Dhanushkodi.
    • Indira Gandhi National Park previously Known as Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Tiruppur.
    • Mukurthi National Park, Ooty.
    • Mudumalai National Park, Madumalai.

Ex-situ and In-situ Conservation Methods

  • Ex situ conservation is the conservation and maintenance of samples of living organisms outside their natural habitat.
    • Maintenance of Gene Banks, Seed Banks etc. comes under this method of conservation.
  • In situ conservation is conservation of species in their natural habitats.
    • Maintenance of natural habitats in the form of wildlife sanctuaries, national parks etc. comes under this method of conservation.

Source: DTE

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