Constitution Day: 26th November
- 27 Nov 2021
- 4 min read
Why in News
The Ministry of Law & Justice has launched ‘Online Course on Indian Constitution’ on the eve of ‘Constitution Day’ as a part of celebrations of ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ for 75 years of India’s Independence.
- The online course aims to enhance the awareness of the constitutional values to understand the fundamental rights and duties.
- It will also help the citizens familiarize with the glorious constitutional journey and to understand the supreme law of the land including the right to life, personal liberty and privacy issues.
- It is celebrated on 26th November every year.
- It is also known as National Law Day.
- On this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India formally adopted the Constitution of India that came into force on 26th January 1950.
- The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on 19th November 2015, notified the decision of the Government of India to celebrate 26 November as 'Constitution Day’.
- Framing of Constitution:
- In 1934, M N Roy first proposed the idea of a constituent assembly.
- Under the Cabinet Mission plan of 1946, elections were held for the formation of the constituent assembly.
- The Constitution of India is framed by the Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly of India appointed a total of 13 committees to deal with different tasks related to the framing of the constitution.
- There were 8 major committees and the rest were minor ones. The list of major committees and their heads are mentioned below:
- Drafting Committee – B. R. Ambedkar
- Union Power Committee – Jawaharlal Nehru
- Union Constitution Committee – Jawaharlal Nehru
- Provincial Constitution Committee – Vallabhbhai Patel
- Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas – Vallabhbhai Patel.
- Rules of Procedure Committee – Rajendra Prasad
- States Committee (Committee for Negotiating with States) – Jawaharlal Nehru
- Steering Committee – Rajendra Prasad
- Facts about the Constitution of India:
- World's lengthiest Constitution.
- Federal System with Unitary Features.
- Parliamentary Form of Government.
- The framing of the Constitution took over 2 years, 11 months and 18 days.
- The original copies of the Indian Constitution weren’t typed or printed. They have been handwritten and are now kept in a helium-filled case within the library of the Parliament.
- Prem Bihari Narain Raizada had written the unique copies of the Structure of India.
- Originally, the Constitution of India was written in English and Hindi.
- The basic structure of the Indian Constitution stands on the Government of India Act, 1935.
- The Constitution of India has also borrowed some of its features from a number of countries.