Karol Bagh | IAS GS Foundation Course | 29 May, 6 PM Call Us
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates

Important Facts For Prelims

Cluster Munition

  • 11 Jul 2023
  • 3 min read

Source: IE

Why in News?

United States (US) has made the decision to provide cluster munitions to Ukraine as part of a new military aid package worth up to USD 800 million.

  • This move has raised concerns about civilian casualties, with calls from the United Nations to avoid using such weapons.

What is a Cluster Munition?

  • About:
    • A cluster munition is a form of air-dropped or ground-launched explosive weapon that releases or ejects smaller submunitions, commonly known as bomblets, over a wide area.
    • They are designed to kill personnel and destroy vehicles, runways, power lines, or other targets.
    • Some cluster munitions can also disperse chemical or biological agents, land mines, or leaflets.
  • Challenges:
    • Cluster munitions can indiscriminately harm civilians and civilian objects, violating international humanitarian law.
      • They have a high failure rate, leaving behind unexploded ordnance that poses ongoing danger.
    • Additionally, they contaminate vast areas for extended periods, rendering them unfit for human use and burdening healthcare and economies in affected nations.
  • Past Use:
    • During the Afghanistan War in 2001, the US considered cluster bombs significant.
      • US last used cluster bombs during the battle with Iraq in 2003
    • In the Syrian civil war, Russian-supplied Syrian government troops frequently deployed cluster munitions.
    • Israel utilized cluster bombs in civilian areas in south Lebanon, notably during the 2006 war with Hezbollah.
    • The Saudi-led coalition in Yemen faced criticism for employing cluster bombs in their conflict with the Houthi rebels.
  • Convention on Cluster Munitions:
    • Convention on Cluster Munitions outlaws the use, production, transfer, and stockpiling of these weapons due to their indiscriminate and long-lasting effects on civilian populations.
    • It was adopted in Dublin by 107 States on 30 May 2008 and signed in Oslo on 3 December2008.
      • The Convention became binding international law when it entered into force on 1 August 2010.
    • To date, a total of 123 States have joined the Convention: 111 States Parties and 12 Signatories.
      • The convention remains unsigned by several nations, including India, the United States, Russia, Ukraine, Pakistan and Israel.
SMS Alerts
Share Page