- 21 Jun 2022
- 4 min read
Why in News?
Recently, a rare dragonfly, Burmagomphus chaukulensis was spotted in Kerala.
- Earlier, a new species of dragonfly ‘Platygomphus benritarum’ was discovered in Assam.
What are the Findings?
- This is a dragonfly of genus Burmagomphus, which is represented by three species – B. Cauvericus, B. Pyramidalis and B. Laidlawi.
- While B. laidlawi is found throughout the Western Ghats,
- B. cauvericus is more restricted in its distribution.
- B. pyramidalis is found in the Western Ghats as well as in Peninsular India.
- All other species of the genus are found in the Western and Eastern Himalayas.
- The new species can be separated from its congeners by the markings on the lateral thorax and peculiar shape of anal appendages.
- This species is known to be endemic to the Western Ghats.
What are Dragonflies?
- It is an aerial predator insect most commonly found near freshwater habitats throughout most of the world.
- Their distinctive colors make them look beautiful. This makes them valuable subjects for research on insect behavior, both for ecology and art.
- Most species of dragonflies live in the tropics and particularly in the rainforests.
- Dragonflies act as important bio-indicators of the ecological health of an area. As they feed on mosquitoes and other insects that are vectors to life-threatening diseases like Malaria and Dengue.
- The rapid destruction of their habitat poses a direct threat to their survival making their conservation urgent.