Online Courses (English)
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates

International Relations

Aung San Suu Kyi to Defend Myanmar in ICJ

  • 11 Dec 2019
  • 3 min read
  • Recently, Gambia has filed an application at the International Court of Justice (ICJ), accusing Myanmar of violating the 1948 Genocide Convention.
    • It is the first international legal attempt to bring Myanmar to ICJ over alleged mass killings of the Rohingya minority in 2017.
  • Muslim-majority Gambia, has filed this application on behalf of the 57-nation Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.
  • Aung San Suu Kyi will defend Myanmar in the Hague against accusations of genocide. She is a Myanmar’s State Counsellor and Nobel Peace laureate (awarded in 1990).
  • Myanmar, however, faces a number of legal challenges over the fate of the Rohingya, including a probe by the International Criminal Court (a separate war crimes tribunal) in the Hague and a lawsuit in Argentina.

Convention on Genocide

  • It was adopted in 1948 in response to the atrocities committed during World War II and a UN resolution which recognised that "genocide is an international crime, which entails the national and international responsibility of individual persons and states."
  • The Convention on Genocide was among the first United Nations (UN) conventions addressing humanitarian issues.
  • The Convention has since then been widely accepted by the international community and ratified by a majority of States.

International Criminal Court (ICC)

  • It is governed by an international treaty called 'The Rome Statute’ which was adopted in 1998. The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the world’s first permanent international criminal court.
  • Headquarters: Hague, Netherlands.

International Court of Justice (ICJ)

  • The ICJ was established in 1945 by the United Nations charter and started working in April 1946.
  • It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, situated at the Peace Palace in the Hague (Netherlands).

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

  • The OIC was formed in 1969 after a summit in Rabat, the Kingdom of Morocco on 25 September 1969.
  • The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is among the largest inter-governmental organizations in the world.
  • Headquarters: Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • It has 57 member states and 12 observers including the United Nations
SMS Alerts
 

Please login or register to view note list

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close
 

Please login or register to make your note

close

Please login or register to list article as progressed

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close