Online Courses (English)
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates

International Relations

Agreement on Scientific Cooperation Between India and EU

  • 17 Jul 2020
  • 5 min read

Why in News

Recently, India and the European Union (EU) agreed to renew the Agreement on Scientific Cooperation for the next five years (2020-2025) during the virtual 15th India-EU Summit.

European Union

  • European Union (EU), is an international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies.
  • The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993.
  • The treaty was designed to enhance European political and economic integration by creating a single currency (the euro), a unified foreign and security policy, and common citizenship rights and by advancing cooperation in the areas of immigration, asylum, and judicial affairs.

Key Points

  • Renewal of Agreement on Scientific Cooperation:
    • India and the EU have agreed to further collaborate in research and innovation based on the principles of mutual benefit and reciprocity, as established in the India-EU Agreement on Science and Technology (2001) which expired on 17th May 2020.
    • Both parties are also committed to launch the renewal procedure for the above agreement and acknowledge 20 years of cooperation on research and innovation.
  • Significance:
    • It is expected to enhance research and innovation cooperation in different fields like Water, Energy, Healthcare, Agritech & Bioeconomy, Integrated Cyber-Physical Systems, Information and Communication Technologies, Nanotechnology, and clean technologies, etc.
    • It will also strengthen the institutional linkages in research, exchange of researchers, students, startups and attract co-investment of resources for co-generation of knowledge.
  • India-EU Science and Technology Cooperation:
    • Science and Technology: India-EU Science & Technology Steering Committee meets annually to review scientific cooperation.
      • The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and the European Commission (EC) have established a Co-Funding Mechanism (CFM) to support joint research projects selected under European Research & Innovation Framework Program ‘Horizon 2020’ related to climate change and polar research.
    • Space Technology: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has had a long standing cooperation with the European Union, since the 1970s.
      • ISRO and the European Space Agency are working towards enhancing cooperation in earth observation. It also involves the Copernicus programme signed in 2018.
      • Copernicus is the European Union's Earth observation programme.

India-EU Relations

  • Evolution of Diplomatic Relations:
    • India being amongst the first countries to establish diplomatic relations with the European Economic Community in 1962.
    • The first India-EU Summit was held in Lisbon (Portugal) in 2000. Since then, fifteen annual bilateral Summits have been held between India and the EU.
    • The relationship was upgraded to a ‘Strategic Partnership’ during the 5th India-EU Summit held at the Hague (Netherlands) in 2004.
      • The bilateral Strategic Partnership encompasses dialogue mechanisms covering a wide range of issues including trade, energy security, science & research, non-proliferation and disarmament, counter terrorism, cyber security, counter-piracy, migration and mobility, etc.
  • Trade and Investment:
    • The EU as a whole was India’s largest trading partner while India was EU’s 9th largest trading partner in 2018.
    • India is also the fourth largest service exporter to the EU and the sixth largest destination for service exports from the EU.
    • EU is the largest source of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) into India.
      • Over the period April 2000 to June 2018, FDI equity flows from the EU countries into $ 90.7 billion, which is about 24% of the total FDI inflows to India.
      • Among countries, Singapore is the largest source of FDI in India during 2019 with $ 14.67 billion investment followed by Mauritius ($ 8.24 billion).
    • India and the EU are in the process of negotiating a bilateral Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) since 2007.

Way Forward

  • India and the EU are ideal partners to make a difference in an international environment that is increasingly shaped by strategic rivalry between the USA and China.
  • They have a common interest in avoiding a bipolarised world and developing the rules-based international order.
  • The effort has to be to make the India-EU partnership rise to its potential and provide a new model for international relations today.


SMS Alerts

Please login or register to view note list


Please login or register to list article as bookmarked


Please login or register to make your note


Please login or register to list article as progressed


Please login or register to list article as bookmarked