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India's Tiger Count Increases by 30%
Jan 23, 2015

Government initiatives to streamline Tiger Conservation along with effective Forest Management and Community Participation had led to increase in the number of tigers. All around involvement of all stakeholders had helped enhance the number of tigers from 1706 in 2010 to 2226 in the latest estimates.

Key Points of the Report

  • The results included figures from 18 states having tiger population.

  • The population of tigers has increased in India from 1706 in 2011 to 2226 in 2014.

  • India has 70% of the world tiger population registered an increase of 30% in country's tiger population in the past three years.

  • While the tiger population is falling in the world, it is rising in India.

  • Never before such an exercise has been taken in that massive scale where unique photographs of 80% of the India's tigers have been taken.

  • India's tiger population was 1411 in 2008.

  • In 2011 tiger census report, the tiger population estimated was 1,706 (ranging between a minimum of 1571 to a maximum of 1875).

  • The mid-value of the snapshot assessment using the same methodology in 2006 was 1411.

  • In 2010 the Tiger population was 1706 and in 2014 it stood at 2226 with an increase 30.5% since the last estimate.

  • A total of 3,78,118 sq. km of Forest Area in 18 Tiger States was surveyed, with total of 1540 unique Tiger Photo captures.

  • As per the survey, Tiger population has increased in Karnataka, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala.

  • The latest tiger census figures show that Karnataka has the highest number of tigers in the age group of 1.5 years and more. The state has 408 tigers in that age group followed by 340 in Uttarakhand, 308 in Madhya Pradesh, 229 in Tamil Nadu, 190 in Maharashtra, 167 in Assam, 136 in Kerala and 117 in Uttar Pradesh.

  • The third round of independent Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Tiger Reserves has shown an overall improvement in the score of 43 Tiger Reserves from 65% in 2010-11 to 69 in 2014.

  • The Economic Valuation of 6 Tiger Reserves carried out for the first time provided qualitative and quantitative estimates of benefits accruing from tiger reserves. These included ecological, economic, social and cultural services.

  • The assessment of Forest Cover Change in Tiger Landscape of Shivalik-Gangetic Plain has indicated an improvement of forest cover in core areas of Tiger Reserves.

  • The Third Round of country-level Tiger Assessment employing refined technology of double sampling using camera traps had recorded an increase in tiger population.

This increase in Tiger Population is the result of various measures adopted by the Government. These measures related to Special Tiger Protection Force, Special Programme for Orphan Tiger cubs, efforts to control poaching and initiatives to minimize Human-Animal conflict and encroachment.

Tiger census is carried out after a gap of every three years by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in the country.


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