Why in News
- On January 18, 2022, the Haryana government issued a notification to amend the Haryana Children's Right to Free and Compulsory Education Rules, 2011 to abolish the 'No Detention Policy' and introduce two-class board examinations.
- Under the new rules called Haryana Children's Right to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Rules, 2022, the state will now conduct a regular examination at the end of classes V and VIII. Board exams in class V and VIII will be started from this academic year.
- Students who fail in this exam and those who fail in re-examination will be put back in the same class.
- The no-detention policy under RTE 2009 had banned the practice of repeating low-performing children in primary school from classes I to VIII to ensure that students do not drop out.
- Now the amendment in RTE allows the Haryana government to authorize any other agency having specialization in conducting regular examination in class V and VIII or in conducting such examination at the end of each academic year in government and recognized private schools of the state. .
- The amended rules stipulate that if a child fails in the regular examination in class V or VIII, as the case may be, he shall be given additional instructions and reappointed within a period of two months from the date of declaration of result. If he fails in the regular examination of class V or class VIII even after additional instructions and opportunity for re-examination, he will be put back in the said class.
- A certificate of completion of classes V and VIII shall be issued by the educational authority or the agency authorized to conduct such examination within one month of the completion of the regular examination of these classes.
- It is noteworthy that the central government had repealed the no-detention policy for classes V and VIII after the passage of amendments to the Right to Education Act in Parliament in 2019.
Why in News
- On January 18, 2022, Haryana Deputy Chief Minister Dushyant Chautala said that under the 'Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Act, 2020', new startups and new IT / ITeS companies will be given exemption for two years. Apart from this, short-term (45 days) work will also be exempted from this law, which gives 75 percent reservation to the youth of Haryana in the private sector.
- The Deputy Chief Minister said that a provision has been made to impose a fine of Rs 50,000 to Rs 2 lakh on industries which do not provide employment to employable local candidates.
- The law reserves 75 per cent of the jobs in the private sector in the state, which only pays less than Rs 30,000 per month to local people.
- Giving details of the exemption given in the Act, the Deputy Chief Minister said that under the Haryana State Employment Local Candidates Act, 2020, in addition to sowing, harvesting of crops, primary works related to fruits, vegetables, tea leaves, coffee, animals etc. have also been exempted.
- He said that exemption has also been given to domestic servants and those industries for which skilled labor is not available.
- It is noteworthy that the state government had implemented this law giving 75 percent reservation to Haryanvi youth in the private sector in the state from the midnight of January 15, 2022, which will be applicable in industries with more than 10 employees.
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